Characteristics of gentian
Gentian is a perennial herbaceous plant belonging to the Gentianaceaea family. The scientific name is Gentiana lutea and is also called Gentian major or yellow gentian. Gentian is a species that grows in the mountainous areas of central and southern Europe between 1000 and 2500 meters. The gentian plant has an erect caule and opposite leaves, wide and elliptical, with 5-7 longitudinal veins. In summer, the gentian produces large yellow flowers that form a kind of panicle and from which the fruit develops, an oval capsule and sharp. The drug of the gentian is represented by the dried root, which is harvested at the end of summer and when the plant is about five years old.
Traditionally, gentian root is used as a bitter, eupeptic, tonic and to stimulate appetite. Gentian is also used in liquorice. Gentian, properties and useThe gentian contains bitter principles called iridoids, a characteristic bitter trisaccharide called gentianose and an alkaloid. Among the properties of gentian root is the ability to stimulate the taste buds and increase the flow of saliva and gastric secretions. Gentian also has choleretic properties and promotes bronchial secretions. The action of gentian is attributed to the bitter substances present in it. The intake of gentian is recommended to stimulate appetite, promote digestion, counteract the sense of fullness and swelling abdominal. Gentian is therefore not a remedy for purification but is indicated especially in case of dyspepsia, therefore in case of slow or difficult digestion. Gentian is administered in the form of tincture or fluid extract and generally the daily dose corresponds to 2-4 grams of dried drug. Gentian root is considered safe but is not recommended for gastric and duodenal ulcers and people with hypertension.
Purifies the body
Among its many positive effects, gentian also purifies the body of waste and toxins. To enjoy these benefits, all you need to do is take a purifying decoction every morning when you wake up, for about a couple of weeks in a row. The decoction can be prepared by boiling 20 g of dried gentian root, 15 g of liquorice root, 20 g of burdock and 20 g of couch weed in about 3 litres of water.
Also for purification purposes, it is also possible to prepare a good gentian wine: just break 150 g of dried root and let them macerate in a liter and a half of white wine for a week (the bottle must be tightly closed and kept in a cool place and away from light. It should also be shaken every day). After the week of maceration, the wine must be filtered, after which it is ready to be consumed.
As an alternative to decoctions and wine, there are also mother tincture drops: just dilute them in a little water.
Moreover, it should be remembered that the gentian root must be taken only and exclusively dried. Never take the fresh one, because it is toxic and poisonous.
In addition, special attention must be paid to the doses, because this plant, if taken in excessive quantities, can have side effects of a certain magnitude, such as nausea and digestive problems.
Finally, it is advisable not to collect the gentian by itself, because it can be easily mistaken for other very poisonous plants such as the white hellebore or the white veratro.